Head Start Participants, Programs, Families, and Staff in 2012

10/2013

Since 1965, the Head Start program has served low-income 3- and 4-year-old children and their families with comprehensive early education and support services. Programs provide services focused on the “whole child,” including early education addressing cognitive, developmental, and socio-emotional needs; medical and dental screenings and referrals; nutritional services; parental involvement activities; referrals to social service providers for the entire family; and mental health services.

Source: CLASP

Available at: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/HSpreschool-PIR-2012-Fact-Sheet.pdf

Early Head Start Participants, Programs, Families and Staff in 2012

10/2013

In 1994, the federal Early Head Start (EHS) program was created to address the comprehensive needs of low-income pregnant women and children under age 3. EHS was created almost 30 years after Head Start was established in 1965 to serve low-income 3- and 4-year-old children and their families with comprehensive early education and support services. Both programs provide services focused on the “whole child,” including early education addressing cognitive, developmental, and socio-emotional needs; medical and dental screenings and referrals; nutritional services; parental involvement activities; referrals to social service providers for the entire family; and mental health services.

Source: CLASP

Available at: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/EHS-PIR-2012-Fact-Sheet.pdf

Synthesis of IES Research on Early Intervention and Early Childhood Education

7/2013

The report describes what has been learned from research grants on early intervention and early childhood education funded by the Institute’s National Center for Education Research and National Center for Special Education Research, and published in peer-reviewed outlets through June 2010. This synthesis describes contributions to the knowledge base produced by IES-funded research across four focal areas:

  • Early childhood classroom environments and general instructional practices;
  • Educational practices designed to impact children’s academic and social outcomes;
  • Measuring young children’s skills and learning; and
  • Professional development for early educators.

Research supported by IES has made significant contributions to the evidence base in these areas. The authors also raise important questions for education research in the future, including:

  • What are the crucial features of high-quality early childhood education?
  • Which instruction is most effective for which children and under what circumstances?
  • How do we effectively and efficiently support teachers in improving their instruction?

Source: National Center for Special Education Research

Available at: http://ies.ed.gov/ncser/pubs/20133001/

ACF Releases Early Childhood State Advisory Council Status Report 2013 | Early Childhood Development | Administration for Children and Families

4/16/2103

The Early Childhood State Advisory Councils Status Report 2013 provides a status update on the progress made by federally funded State Advisory Councils since the grant was awarded. The report describes the legislatively required activities, progress made to date, and individual profile of each SAC grantee.

Source: Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Available at: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ecd/news/early-childhood-state-advisory-council-status-report-2013

Review of 24 Head Start Grantees’ Compliance With Health and Safety Requirements

12/2011

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, P.L. No.111-5 (Recovery Act), signed into law on February 17, 2009, included measures to modernize our Nation’s infrastructure, enhance energy independence, expand educational opportunities, preserve and improve affordable health care, provide tax relief, and protect those in greatest need.

Title VI of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 established Head Start as a Federal discretionary grant program. The major program objectives include promoting school readiness and enhancing the social and cognitive development of low-income children by providing health, educational, nutritional, and social services. In 1994, the Head Start program was expanded to establish Early Head Start, which serves children from birth to 3 years of age. We refer collectively to both programs as “Head Start.” Within the Department of Health and Human Services, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Head Start, administers Head Start. In fiscal year (FY) 2009, Congress appropriated $7.1 billion to fund Head Start’s regular operations. The Recovery Act provided an additional $2.1 billion for Head Start during FYs 2009 and 2010. These funds were intended for activities such as expanding enrollment, funding cost-of-living wage increases for grantees, upgrading centers and classrooms, and bolstering training and technical assistance.

Pursuant to Federal Head Start regulations (45 CFR § 1304.53(a)(7)), Head Start grantees must provide for the maintenance, repair, safety, and security of all Head Start facilities. These regulations also specify that facilities used by Head Start grantees for regularly scheduled, center-based activities must comply with State and local licensing requirements. If State and local licensing standards are less stringent than the Head Start regulations or if no State licensing standards are applicable, grantees must ensure that their facilities comply with the “Head Start Program Performance Standards” related to health and safety (45 CFR § 1306.30(c)).

From May 2009 through October 2010, we conducted site visits and assessed health and safety compliance at 24 Head Start grantees that managed 175 facilities in 8 States.

Source: Office of Inspector General, Administration for Children and Families

Available at: http://oig.hhs.gov/oas/reports/region10/11102503.pdf