Reinforcement | AFIRM


Reinforcement (R+) is a foundational practice that is used with other evidence-based practices. Reinforcement describes the relationship between learner behavior and a consequence that follows the behavior. This relationship is reinforcing only if the consequence increases the likelihood the learner will perform the skill or behavior in the future.

What Will I Learn?

The AFIRM model guides the learner through four lessons to facilitate:

  • Learning basic knowledge about reinforcement (R+).
  • Applying R+ in activity based scenarios that promote real-world application.

The R+ module will take approximately 2.5 to 3 hours to complete. However, the module is broken into individual lessons to help guide your learning:

Lesson Time to Complete
A Case for R+ 10 minutes
Lesson 1: Basics of R+ 25 minutes
Lesson 2: Planning for R+ 40 minutes
Lesson 3: Using R+ 40 minutes
Lesson 4: Monitoring R+ 30 minutes
Applying R+ 10 minutes


Source:  AFIRM Autism Focused Intervention Resource and Modules

Available at:

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