Kindergartners’ Skills at School Entry: An Analysis of the ECLS-K


This report provides an analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11, focusing on the school readiness and abilities of beginning kindergartners.The analysis examined four risk factors that have been shown to affect childrens development and school achievement: single parent households, mothers with less than a high school education, households with incomes below the federal poverty line, and non-English speaking households. High-risk children those with all four risk factors were found to be almost a year behind their peers with no risk factors in their reading and math abilities.The researchers also created composite readiness scores based on teacher ratings of childrens academic and social skills. Based on the researchers calculation, less than one-third of children were rated by teachers as “in-progress” or better on both reading and math skills.

Source: Mathematica Policy Research

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