Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) is related to factors within infants that may be undetected (such as cardiac and brain abnormalities), factors in infants’ environments (such as soft bedding and cigarette smoke), and behavior of those caring for infants (such as placing an infant prone to sleep).
In November 2011 the American Academy of Pediatrics updated its recommendations on a safe infant sleep environment in its policy statement, SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. These recommendations address environmental and human behavior factors that can reduce the risk of sleep-related deaths in infants. The policy statement lists the recommendations, and the technical report describes evidence of the effectiveness of each recommendation. To learn more about the topic of each recommendation, see Resources to Support the AAP Policy Statement.
Once what works is known, this knowledge must be passed on to those who can make a difference, from the infant’s family and caregivers to health professionals, community groups, manufacturers, the media, and legislators and policymakers. And, to save infants’ lives, we must act on the knowledge.
Many interventions can increase knowledge about factors that may contribute to sleep-related death in infants and improve the application of this knowledge to reduce the impact of these factors. Evaluations of these interventions in the published literature look at increases in target audiences’ knowledge and at changes in behavior. Some evaluations look at the association between the intervention and subsequent rates of SUID. This page links to websites and sample evaluation articles.
Source: National SUID/SIDS Resource Center
Available at: http://www.sidscenter.org/whatworks.html